Sunday, February 28, 2021
16.7 C
Home Africa Fake news manipulates readers says bishop

Fake news manipulates readers says bishop

Rumours have spread on social media that Pope Francis is “cancelling” the Bible and that Christians are being killed en masse by Muslims. Both of these claims are false. Bishop José Luís Ponce de León wonders why we are so gullible. He reflects on ways in which we can ensure that we don’t create nor promote fake news. 

At the beginning of this year, Pope Francis issued his message for the “World Communications’ Day” entitled The truth will set you free” (Jn 8:32) Fake news and journalism for peace.

The Pope explained what “fake news” is:

In general, it refers to the spreading of disinformation on line or in the traditional media. It has to do with false information based on non-existent or distorted data meant to deceive and manipulate the reader. Spreading fake news can serve to advance specific goals, influence political decisions, and serve economic interests.

It is a serious matter because:

The tragedy of disinformation is that it discredits others, presenting them as enemies, to the point of demonising them and fomenting conflict.

Pope Francis himself is a victim of fake news. False information is being published about him and one needs to wonder what the intention of doing that actually is. It is not done innocently.

In the last few weeks different people wrote to me privately asking if it is true that Pope Francis has cancelled the Bible and proposes to create a new book”. This fake news is being shared on social media.

It is interesting that people might believe something like this considering that Pope Francis has chosen to celebrate daily Mass with groups of people (mainly from the parishes in Rome) where he constantly refers to the Bible in his daily homilies. Books are being published gathering this homilies and different webpages daily present a summary of them.

He also has reflected at length on some biblical texts in his apostolic exhortations. Some examples of this are:

  1. in the 2016 apostolic exhortation called “The joy of love(Amoris Laetitia) in which there is a beautiful reflection on Paul’s hymn to love (1 Cor 13: 1–13);
  2. in his latest apostolic exhortation on the call to holiness in today’s world “Rejoice and be glad” (Gaudete et exsultate) in which he reflects on the Beatitudes (Mt 5: 1-12).

It is true that people might not have seen those documents nor followed his daily homilies.

It is interesting to note that in our daily lives we would not just believe anything we are told by others when we meet them “face to face”. We only believe those we know and trust. In such cases we are able to ask for more information, interrogate what we hear and go more deeply into the issue being spoken of.

On the contrary, we seem to take anything and everything we read online as “true”. The internet seems to have become the new bible. Some people quote it in the way we quote God’s word! We hardly check the sources of the information like we would normally do with people. We hardly ever double-check if the information we are given or receive is right.

Maybe the question is: Who are you trusting to help you know your faith and your Church better? Just anyone?

I am part of many whatsapp groups – to which I hardly contribute. There is, though, one moment when I regularly do: when I come across or am confronted by fake news. We regularly read about Christians or missionaries condemned to death in a certain (usually) Muslim country. Another one that is common states: Today, at 9pm, Pope Francis calls everyone around the world (…) to pray for (…)”. There is nothing wrong with praying for a special intention.  But when the message, which I have seen a few times, says “today”… think again.

Fake news goes beyond what could be an innocent joke – as on April’s fools. It is done with a purpose.

There is nothing wrong with asking you to pray for Christians being persecuted in other countries. However, when it tells you about  249 non-existent missionaries in a specific Muslim context who are being killed, we need to wonder what the real goal of fake news is.

Remember what Pope Francis wrote: it is meant to manipulate the reader

Normally, a quick search on Google would reveal to us that these are scams and would show how long they have been doing their rounds all over the world.

I believe three things could help us:

    1. Double check information. The fact that you received it from a friend is no guarantee that he/she checked the source, do it yourself! You can verify important information about Pope Francis by going to the Vatican’s website,   There are also well-known and trusted Catholic sites that can helps us check if information is true and can be verified. Remember that, particularly today, not every webpage that calls itself “Catholic” is really Catholic. There are a number of sites on which authors or organisations are simply pursuing their own agenda.
    2. Ask! Ask someone you trust. I am deeply grateful to those who privately write to our “Diocesan News” group for more information.
    3. Do not share the information unless you are sure of what you are talking about or passing on. If you haven’t verified it then you yourself will become part of the circle that promotes fake news.

This was first published by Bishop Ponce de León on his blog.

Image: Flickr

* The opinions expressed here by Spotlight.Africa contributors and editors are their own and not official statements of the Society of Jesus in South Africa or of the Catholic Church unless explicitly stated.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

José Luís Ponce de León
José-Luís Ponce de León IMC is bishop of the Diocese of Manzini, Swaziland. Argentinian by birth, for many years he worked as a missionary in rural Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa. After working at the Consolata Missionary's General House in Rome, he returned to South Africa and was ordained bishop of Ingwavuma in 2008. In 2013 he was appointed bishop of Manzini.

Most Popular

What do you truly desire?

Inspired by a Netflix series and an Ash Wednesday retreat, Sarah-Leah Pimentel reflects on what she wants out of life. She explains that a...

Continued support for Trump casts shadow on global democracy

United States President Joseph R. Biden Jr, has been in office just shy of a month.  Many people, inside and outside of US borders...

Two roads diverged in a wood: Vaccine nationalism or global cooperation?

The squabbles between the United Kingdom and Europe over access to the COVID-19 vaccine reveals a self-centered nationalism in efforts to end the pandemic,...

Vaccine hesitancy, efficacy and rollout

Controversy and misinformation have thwarted the effort of governments around the world in rolling out COVID-19 vaccination programmes. Shrikant Peters, a medical doctor, dispels...